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Density is a measure of how tightly packed the molecules of a solid, liquid or gas are. The formula for calculating density is:




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The dense city (density) was so dense they built motorways over any vegetation.



`m =` mass in kilograms (`kg`)

`V =` volume in cubic metres (`m`)

`D =` Density in kilograms per metre cubed (`kg//m^3`)


Example 1

John wants to measure the density of a rock. He finds the volume with the apparatus shown below:

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The mass of the rock was measured as being 36g. What is the density of the rock?





First convert everything to SI units

Mass of the rock `= 36g = 0.036\ kg`

Volume of rock `=36cm^3-18cm^3=18cm^3=0.000018m^3`

Density of the rock `=0.036/0.000018=2000\ kg//m^3`


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