# Precipitation – Moisture falling from the atmosphere as rain, hail, sleet or snow

### (Pronounced pruh-si-puh-tay-shun)

The purpose of sipping at the tasting station (precipitation) was to see if snow, hail and rainwater had different tastes.

To measure rainfall, weather forecasters use a tipping bucket:

The tipping bucket is left outside and captures rain to measure.

There are physically two buckets. When one of the buckets fills up to the equivalent of 0.2mm of water, that bucket tips, allowing the second to fill. Every time the buckets tip, they send an electrical signal to a computer to record how many times this happens. Computers can then easily work out how much rain falls in any set period of time, for example:

Slight rain= 0.5mm per hour

Moderate rain= Greater than 0.5mm per hour but less than 4.0mm per hour

Heavy rain= Greater than 4.0mm per hour but less than 8mm per hour

Very heavy rain= Greater than 8mm per hour

Weather forecasters then put this information on a graph: