Mammoth Memory

First you have to learn that…

 

1              = bun

2              = shoe

3              = tree

4              = door

(This is called the peg method).

 

Meth-  = 1 carbon atom

Eth-       = 2 carbon atoms

Prop-    = 3 carbon atoms

But-      = 4 carbon atoms

 

-ane       = single carbon bond

-ene      = double carbon bond

-anol      = contains OH

And then, hydrocarbons and alcohols are easy!

Alkanes:

  • Methane
  • Ethane
  • Propane
  • Butane

Alkenes:

  • Methene (doesn’t exist)
  • Ethene
  • Propene
  • Butene

Alcohols:

  • Methanol
  • Ethanol
  • Propanol
  • Butanol
More Info