Mammoth Memory

Examples of plants that make spores

 An image of moss that makes spores


An image of liverwort makes spores


Mosses and liverworts

Live in damp places

Do not have proper stems or roots

Have thin leaves that lose water easily

Are non-vascular – do NOT have a vascular system for conducting water and minerals around the plant, which means they cannot grow very big.

An image of spore capsules that are created by mosses and liverwort in the summer 

In the summer, mosses and liverworts make spore capsules. When ripe, the capsules open and the spores are shaken out by the wind.


Image of a fern, vascular plants have a system for conducting water through the plant

Vascular plants – have a system for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant

Fronds are distinctive leaves that unfurl, young fronds are called fiddle heads because of its shape, unfurled

Fronds (leaves) unfurl in a distinctive way. Young fronds are called “fiddleheads” because when curled up they look like the head of a fiddle.

The spores are made on the underside of the leaves

The under side of a fern leaf showing the spores are created here 


Algae are simple, plant-like organisms that reproduce in a number of different ways, both sexually and asexually. Many species reproduce from spores. Algae may exist as single-celled organisms called plankton, may form colonial organisms such as seaweed, or may join with fungi to form lichens. Different species can dwell in fresh water, seawater or moist rock.

Algae is a plant like organism that reproduce in a number of ways both sexually and asexually

There is much discussion about algae and their classification. Some experts believe algae are not plants but a form of protist.


A tree diagram summarizing the categories and sub categories of plants


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