Mammoth Memory

Artificial selection – bred by humans

Process by which humans select individuals from a population with desirable characteristics to breed together in order to increase the characteristics’ prevalence within the population.

Artificial selection is the breeding between humans with desirable characteristics

The art gallery officially (artificial) selected (selection) a man made of bread (bred) as their star attraction at the new exhibit.

Examples

Shrimp farms breed artificially to get different colours

Artificial selection by humans is used for many reasons. One such example is of fish keepers who produced the many different colour varieties of neocaridina shrimp.

Greyhounds are artificially selected to produce the fastest dogs only by the fastest genes

Greyhounds are artificially selected to produce the fastest dogs for racing. By breading only the fastest greyhounds with each other humans increase the probability that the genes responsible for the physical characteristics which enable them to run fast will be passed on to the next generation. This increases the frequency of these genes within the greyhound population and over several generations these genes become collected in individual dogs so they can run faster.

Dairy cows are artificially bred to maximize milk yields and meat

Artificial selection may also be used to produce desirable traits such as maximising the milk yields of dairy cows.

Domestic dogs used to be bred for important jobs such as hunting rats and mice

 

The reasons for artificial selection can also change: the Yorkshire terrier was originally bred for hunting rats and mice, but is now bred for its small size and physical appearance.

More Info