Mammoth Memory

Vector worked examples

 

Example 1

Write in terms of `a`  and `b`  the vector `vec (BC)`

Write in terms of a and b with the following vectors

Answer as follows:

Think of this as two separate vectors

Separate the vectors in 2 

Therefore

`vec (BC)=-a+b`

Connect up the 2 vectors and by reversing the direction of a to connect up to B

Or `vec (BC)=b-a`

Join B with a by its end point 

 

Example 2

Find the line B and d with vectors M and N 

`vec (AB)=m`

`vec (AD)=n`

The point `C`  on `BD`  is such that:

`BC:CD=1:3`

 

i.  Find `D`  to `B`  in terms of `n`  and `m`

Think of this as the separate vectors

Separate the vectors in 2 

Therefore

`vec (DB)=-n+m`

Reverse N so it can connect up with M 

Or `vec (DB)=m-n`

Flip the 2 vectors so n is above m 

 

`vec (DB)=-n+m=m-n`   (The latter is chosen because it's neater)

Remember don’t forget the arrow 

ii. Find `vec (AC)`  in terms of `m`  and `n`

remember

Remember the line BCD 

We are told `BC:CD=1:3`

this means

Measurements of BC and CD is 1 and 3 

which also means

BC is a quarter of BD and CD is 3 quarters of BD 

which also means

Which also means BC is a quarter n and CD is 3 quarters n 

So if we redraw the original diagram

Redraw the shape showing the new vector 

`vec (AC)`  in terms of `m`  and `n`  are:

`vec (AC)=n+3/4m-3/4n`

`vec (AC)=3/4m+1/4n`

OR

`vec (AC)=m-(1/4m-1/4n)`

`vec (AC)=m-1times(1/4m-1/4n)`

`vec (AC)=m-1/4m+1/4n`

`vec (AC)=3/4m+1/4n`

 

Both get the same answer (as they should)

Answer:

`vec (AC)`  in terms of `m`  and `n=3/4m+1/4n`

 

Example 3

Now try this example using the parallel lines to work it out

If `AD`  is parrallel to `CB`  and `AB`  is parrallel to `DC`. Write in terms of `a`  and `b`  the vectors `vec (BC)`  and `vec (BA)`

Answer as follows:

Think of this as separate vectors

Separate the vectors 

Therefore

`vec (BC)=a`

and

`vec (BA)=-c`

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