Mammoth Memory

Distillation: an explanation

If a solution is made up of constituents that have different boiling points, we can separate these constituents by vaporising (boiling off) the one with the lower boiling point then condensing the vapour.

Example – Desalination (salt and water solution)

The distillation of salt water is an example of desalination, this is where vaporising the element in the solution with the lowest boiling point in this case water, will be boiled off then condensed to turn it back to a liquid

The water is boiled until it evaporates and leaves the still as steam. The steam is then condensed and collected in the flask, and the salt is left in the still.

I.e. The solution is separated by vaporising and condensing.


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