Income Statement (Profit and Loss) – A key yearly financial statement of a company's performance held by the Government for anyone to see
(Pronounced in-kuhm steyt-muhnt)
To remember what income statement means use the following mnemonic:
All my incoming money and outgoings for the year were stated on the form, but it meant (income statement) that I didn't make much money, it was a poor company performance.
Any limited company that has finished a year’s worth of trading must submit an income statement (also known as a profit and loss statement or P&L statement) to the government within the following 9 months. This income statement must be set out in a set format (see below).
This held information is used by credit rating companies to assess your performance and rate your company with a score from 0 (bankrupt) to 100 (no chance of going bankrupt).
Banks and loan companies use income statements to decide if you are worth loaning money to. If you have a very high credit rating score you will also be charged lower rates of interest because you are a lower risk of defaulting on repayments. Company income statements are open to the public, and anyone can view them online.
Note: Brackets mean a negative figure.