Plantar Flexion – the action of moving your foot downward, away from the shin
(Pronounced plan-tuh flek-shuhn)
The term plantar flexion is not usually examinable at 16, but it is a useful term to remember.
We know flexion means a decrease in the angle between two bones or midline.
But to remember what plantar is use the following mnemonic:
Don't tread on that plant should remind you that plantar is underneath the foot.
Or alternatively, remember plantar flexion this way:
Before I plant a (plantar) tree, I have to dig a hole. Using the downward movement of my foot, I push the spade down.
Therefore, plantar flexion is the decrease in angle between the bottom of the foot and calf muscle.
When you produce calf raises in the gym or walk on your tippy toes you plantar flex the foot.