Rural-Urban Fringe – A zone of transition between the built-up area and the countryside, where there is often competition for land use
It is a zone of mixed land uses, from out of town shopping centres and golf courses to farmland and motorways.
Rural means relating to the countryside.
Urban means relating to the city.
The following helps you remember the meaning of fringe:
Remember, when you get your fringe cut it's only the front outside edge that gets removed.
So rural-urban fringe is the countryside-city edge, the place where the edge of the city meets the edge of the countryside and where each compete for space.