Mammoth Memory

Drop a magnet through a solenoid

If you drop a magnet through a solenoid you can record the voltage change against time.

Droping a magnet through a solenoid

As the magnet approaches the solenoid an electromotive current is generated that opposes the entry of the magnet. A south pole on the magnet develops a south pole at the beginning of the solenoid. At the other end after the magnet has dropped through the solenoid a south pole is generated opposing the north pole moving away. But the current changes direction half way through.

If you watch the galvanometer it will flick from one side to the other this is reflected in the following graph:

Graph of current produced when a magnet is dropped through a solenoid

Here you can see that when the magnet is half way between the solenoid there is no current flowing in the coil.

NOTE: The graph is slightly uneven and this is due to the magnet accelerating with gravity and dropping faster.

 

If you drop a magnet into a much longer solenoid as below:

Droping a magnet through a longer solenoid

The plot of the voltage or current would look like the following:

Graph of current produced when a magnet is dropped through a long solenoid

Between `B` and `C` the magnet is passing inside the solenoid. The magnet flux generated are equal and opposite between these points and therefore no overall voltage or current is generated.

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