Sustainable Energy Supply – Energy that can potentially be used well in to the future (continue forever) without harming future generations
NOTE: Sustainable energy is the combination of energy savings, energy efficiency measures and technologies, as well as the renewable energy sources.
To understand the words "sustainable energy source" you need to remember the meaning of sustainable and then energy supply.
Sustainable – last or continue forever
Suds couldn't remove the stain, I wasn't able (sustainable) to get the stain out. the stain lasted forever.
Energy supply – in this context includes solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal and biomass
So a sustainable energy source is energy that can last forever.
The difference between renewable and sustainable is as follows:
If I have a single tree in my back yard and I cut this down this is a renewable source because the tree will grow back but slowly. If I try to heat my house with the tree this is not sustainable because the renewable rate is too slow.
A sustainable energy supply is therefore one that can continue forever without harming future generations.
This deforestation of tropical rain forests is NOT sustainable.