Christo (died 2020 age 84) and Jeanne-Claude (died 2009 age 74) – large-scale, site-specific environmental installations
(Pronounced kris-toh and jan klawd)
Christo and Jeanne-Claude - Christopher Columbus and a janitor wrapped in cloth
Imagine Christopher (Christo) Columbus standing talking to a janitor with a bin that has been clawed (Jeanne-Claude) and suddenly they are wrapped.
Christo and Jeanne-Claude began working together in Paris, creating large-scale, site-specific environmental installations. They married early in their art careers. Later, they moved to the USA, living in New York.
Christo and Jeanne-Claude wrapped cloth around famous places like the Reichstag and The Pont Neuf, fenced off gigantic areas, or covered large swaths of land in umbrellas. Once these sites were covered, the familiar objects seemed to become something else.
Their work has been called installation art because it was three-dimensional, large, site-specific work that people walked through or around in order to engage them. They were designed to change the perception of space.
The installations could also be called land art, because they were made directly in landscapes, sculpting the land itself.
Christo and Jeanne-Claude made money by selling the preparatory plans, proposals, sketches, artwork, final photographs, models and videos. They took no grants or public money, preferring artistic freedom.
They saw their art as a joy, beauty and a new way of looking at the familiar, forcing people to rethink the way they viewed the land around them.
Würth Rioja wrapped chairs
Valley Curtain, 1972
Wrapped Reichstag, 1995
Nobody before created – monumental outdoor sculptures by wrapping well known buildings